Neuropsychological Profiles of Three Subtypes of Impulsivity in the General Population: A Young Adults Study
Mario Rodolfo Squillace Louhau
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Jimena Picón-Janeiro
Nicolás Mazzei
Alejandra Villar
Susana Azzollini
PDF

Keywords

Compulsive Urgency
Impulsive Improvidence
Sensation Seeking
CUBI

How to Cite

Squillace Louhau, M., Picón-Janeiro, J., Mazzei, N., Villar, A., & Azzollini, S. (2019). Neuropsychological Profiles of Three Subtypes of Impulsivity in the General Population: A Young Adults Study. International Journal of Psychological Research, 12(1), 28-40. https://doi.org/10.21500/20112084.3648
PDF

Abstract

The impulsivity construct has been investigated in the psychological literature as both a personality factor and a manifestation of the cognitive functioning of individuals. In addition, an increasing number of studies have shown that impulsivity is not a unitary concept and that it must be conceived of as several subtypes. We investigated whether a self-report test of three types of impulsivity could be a good predictor of cognitive functioning in healthy individuals. The sample was composed of 230 subjects (65% women) with a mean age of 28.4 years (SD = 13.6 years) from the general population of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The sample was evaluated using the Questionnaire on Compulsive Urgency, Sensation Seeking, and Impulsive Improvidence (CUBI-18; Squillace Louhau, & Picón Janerio, 2019), which measures three impulsivity subtypes. A battery of neuropsychological tests was administered to measure not only executive-attentional functioning, verbal and non-verbal fluency, and speed of processing, but also strategies in the decision-making process. The results showed a differential profile of the three subtypes of impulsivity. Compulsive Urgency was associated with greater executive- attentional difficulties, Impulsive Improvidence with lower fluency in processing nonverbal information, and Sensation Seeking with better general cognitive performance and risk-taking during decision-making.

PDF

References

Bayard, S., Raffard, S., & Gely-Nargeot, M. C. (2011). Do facets of self-reported impulsivity predict decision-making under ambiguity and risk? Evidence from a community sample. Psychiatry Research, 190(2-3), 322-326. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2011.06.013

Bechara, A., & Van Der Linden, M. (2005). Decision-making and impulse control after frontal lobe injuries. Current opinion in neurology, 18(6), 734-739. doi:10.1097/01.wco.0000194141.56429.3c

Berg, J. M., Latzman, R. D., Bliwise, N. G., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2015). Parsing the heterogeneity of impulsivity: A meta-analytic review of the behavioral implications of the UPPS for psychopathology. Psychological Assessment, 27(4), 1129-1146. doi:10.1037/pas0000111

Bewick, V., Cheek, L., & Ball, J. (2005). Statistics review 14: Logistic regression. Critical Care, 9(1), 112-118. doi :10.1186/cc3045

Billieux, J., Gay, P., Rochat, L., & Van der Linden, M. (2010). The role of urgency and its underlying psychological mechanisms in problematic behaviours. Behaviour research and therapy, 48(11), 1085-1096. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2010.07.008

Billieux, J., Rochat, L., Rebetez, M. M. L., & Van der Linden, M. (2008). Are all facets of impulsivity related to self-reported compulsive buying behavior?. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(6), 1432-1442. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2007.12.011

Billieux, J., Van der Linden, M., & Ceschi, G. (2007). Which dimensions of impulsivity are related to cigarette craving?. Addictive behaviors, 32(6), 1189-1199. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2006.08.007

Brand, M., Heinze, K., Labudda, K., & Markowitsch, H. J. (2008). The role of strategies in deciding advantageously in ambiguous and risky situations. Cognitive Processing, 9(3), 159-173. doi:10.1007/s10339-008-0204-4

Brickenkamp, R. (2002). D2, Test de atención (trans. Spanish N. Seisdedos). Madrid: TEA Ediciones.

Budde, H., Voelcker-Rehage, C., Pietraßyk-Kendziorra, S., Ribeiro, P., & Tidow, G. (2008). Acute coordinative exercise improves attentional performance in adolescents. Neuroscience letters, 441(2), 219-223. doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2008.06.024

Butman, J., Allegri, R., Harris, P. & Drake, M. (2000). Fluencia verbal en español datos normativos en Argentina. Medicina, Buenos Aires, 60, 561-564.

Chico, E. (2000). Relación entre la impulsividad funcional y disfuncional y los rasgos de personalidad de Eysenck. Anuario de Psicología, 31(1), 79-87.

Costa Jr, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1995). Domains and facets: Hierarchical personality assessment using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 64(1), 21–50. doi:10.1207/s15327752jpa6401_2

Cyders, M. A., & Coskunpinar, A. (2011). Measurement of constructs using self-report and behavioral lab tasks: Is there overlap in nomothetic span and construct representation for impulsivity?. Clinical Psychology Review, 31(6), 965-982. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2011.06.001

Cyders, M. A., & Smith, G. T. (2008). Clarifying the role of personality dispositions in risk for increased gambling behavior. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(6), 503-508. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.06.002

Cyders, M. A., & Smith, G. T. (2007). Mood-based rash action and its components: Positive and negative urgency. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(4), 839-850. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2007.02.008

Dickman, S. J. (1990). Functional and dysfunctional impulsivity: personality and cognitive correlates. Journal of personality and social psychology, 58(1), 95-102. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.58.1.95

Fernández, A. L., Moroni, M. A. Carranza, J. M., Fabbro, N., & Lebowitz, B. K. (2009). Reliability of the Five-Point Test. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 23(3), 501-509. doi:10.1080/13854040802279675

Franco, J. G., Gaviria, A. M., Torres, Y., & Cotes, J. M. (2007). Regresión logística en la literatura psiquiátrica: evaluación de los artículos publicados entre 2002 y 2005 en una prominente revista. Revista Brasileira de Epidemiología, 10(3), 370–379.

Gay, P., Courvoisier, D. S., Billieux, J., Rochat, L., Schmidt, R. E., & Van der Linden, M. (2010). Can the distinction between intentional and unintentional interference control help differentiate varieties of impulsivity? Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 46–52. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.10.003

Gay, P., Rochat, L., Billieux, J., d’Acremont, M., & Van der Linden, M. (2008). Heterogeneous inhibition processes involved in different facets of self-reported impulsivity: Evidence from a community sample. Acta Psychologica, 129(3), 332–339. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2008.08.010

Golden, C. J. (2007). Stroop test (5th Ed.). Madrid, España: TEA Ediciones.

Goodglass, H., & Kaplan, E. (1996). Evaluation of Aphasia and similar disorders (2nd. Ed.) Buenos Aires, Argentina: Panamericana.

Gratz, K. L., Kiel, E. J., Latzman, R. D., Elkin, T. D., Moore, S. A., & Tull, M. T. (2014). Emotion: Empirical contribution: Maternal borderline personality pathology and infant emotion regulation: Examining the influence of maternal emotion-related difficulties and infant attachment. Journal of Personality Disorders, 28(1), 52-69. doi:10.1521/pedi.2014.28.1.52

Herman, A. M., Critchley, H. D., & Duka, T. (2018). Risk-taking and impulsivity; the role of mood states and interoception. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 1625. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01625

Hopkins, K. D., & Glass, G. V. (1997). Basic stadistics for social and behavioral science (3th. Ed.). Naucalpan de Juárez, México: Prentice Hall Hipanoaméricana, S. A.

Lee, G. P., Strauss, E., Loring, D. W., McCloskey, L., Haworth, J. M., & Lehman, R.A. W. (1997). Sensitivity of figural fluency on the five-point test to focal neurological dysfunction.The Clinical neuropsychologist, 11(1), 59-68. doi:10.1080/13854049708407030

León, O. G., & Montero, I.. (2007). Research methods inpsychology and education (4th Ed.). McGraw-Hill/Interamericana de España.

López, R., Dauvilliers, Y., Jaussent, I., Billieux, J., & Bayard, S. (2015). A multidimensional approach of impulsivity in adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.Psychiatry Research, 227(2-3), 290-295. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2015.03.023

Macbeth, G., Razumiejczyk, E., & Ledesma, R. D. (2011). Cliff’s Delta Calculator: A non-parametric effect size program for two groups of observations. UniversitasPsychologica, 10(2), 545 – 555. Recovered from http://ref.scielo.org/jqfmjp

Pardo Merino, A., & San Martín Castellanos, R. (1998). Data analysis in psychology II. (2nd ed.). Madrid: Ediciones Pirámide, S.A.

Pedrero-Pérez, E. J., Ruiz Sánchez de León, J. M., Rojo Mota, G., Llanero Luque, M., & Puerta García C. (2012). Caracterización neuropsicológica de la impulsividad funcional y disfuncional en adictos a sustancias: implicaciones clínicas. Adicciones, 24(1), 51-58. doi:10.20882/adicciones.117

Peng, C. Y. J., Lee, K. L., & Ingersoll, G. M. (2002). An introduction to logistic regression analysis and reporting. The Journal of Educational Research, 96(1), 3-14. doi:10.1080/00220670209598786

Ray, J. V., Poythress, N. G., Weir, J. M., & Rickelm, A. (2009). Relationships between psychopathy and impulsivity in the domain of self-reported personality features. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(2), 83-87. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.09.005

Reitan, R. M., &. Wolfson, D (1993). The Halstead–Reitan neuropsychological test battery: Theory and clinical interpretation (2nd ed.), Neuropsychology Press, Tucson, AZ

Rochat, L., Billieux, J., Gagnon, J. & Van der Linden, M. (2018).A multifactorial and integrative approach to impulsivity in neuropsychology: insights from the UPPS model of impulsivity, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 40(1),45-61. doi:10.1080/13803395.2017.1313393

Romano, J., Kromrey, J. D., Coraggio, J., Skowronek, J., & Devine, L. (2006). Exploring methods for evaluating group differences on the NSSE and other surveys: Are the t-test and Cohen’sd indices the most appropriate choices. In annual meeting of the Southern Association for Institutional Research (pp. 1-51).

Roley, M. E., Contractor, A. A., Weiss, N. H., Armour, C., & Elhai, J. D. (2017). Impulsivity facets’ predictive relations with DSM–5 PTSD symptom clusters. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 9(1), 76-79. doi:10.1037/2Ftra0000146

Rømer Thomsen, K., Callesen, M. B., Hesse, M., Kvamme, T. L., Pedersen, M. M., Pedersen, M. U., & Voon, V. (2018). Impulsivity traits and addiction-related behaviors in youth. Journal of behavioral addictions, 7(2), 317-330. doi:10.1556/2006.7.2018.22

Ruff, R. M. (1996). Ruff Figural Fluency Test. Professional Manual. U.S.A: Psychological Assesment Resources, Inc.

Squillace Louhau, M., & Picón Janeiro, J. (2019). CUBI-18 un instrumento para medir tres subtipos de Impulsividad. Interdisciplinaria, 36(1) in press.

Squillace, M., & Picón Janeiro, J. (2017). La impulsividad es un constructo multifacético: validación del CUBI. Revista Evaluar, 17(1), 01-17. Recovered from https://revistas.unc.edu.ar/index.php/revaluar

Squillace, M., Picón Janeiro, J., & Schmidt, V. (2011). El concepto de Impulsividad y su ubicación en las teorías psicobiológicas de la personalidad. Revista de Neuropsicología Latinoamericana 3(1), 8-18. doi:10.5579/rnl.2011.0057

Stanford, M. S., Mathias, C. W., Dougherty, D. M., Lake, S. L., Anderson, N. E., & Patton, J. H. (2009). Fifty years of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale: An update and review. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(5), 385-395. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2009.04.008

Tabibnia, G., Monterosso, J. R., Baicy, K., Aron, A. R., Poldrack, R. A., Chakrapani, S., ... & London, E. D. (2011). Different forms of self-control share a neurocognitive substrate. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(13), 4805-4810. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2859-10.2011

Um, M., Hershberger, A. R., Whitt, Z. T., & Cyders, M. A. (2018). Recommendations for applying a multi-dimensional model of impulsive personality to diagnosis and treatment. Borderline personality disorder and emotion dysregulation, 5(1), 6. doi:10.1186/s40479-018-0084-x

Wechsler, D. (2002). WAIS-III, Intelligent scale. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Paidós.

Wilbertz, T., Deserno, L., Horstmann, A., Neumann, J., Villringer, A., Heinze, H. J., ... & Schlagenhauf, F. (2014). Response inhibition and its relation to multidimensional impulsivity. Neuroimage, 103, 241-248. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.09.021

Whiteside, S. P., & Lynam, D. R. (2001). The five factor model and impulsivity: Using a structural model of personality to understand impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 30(4), 669-689. doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00064-7

Whiteside, S. P., Lynam, D. R., Miller, J. D., & Reynolds, S. K. (2005). Validation of the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale: A four-factor model of impulsivity. European Journal of Personality, 19(7), 559–574. doi:10.1002/per.556

Zhang, L., Sun, J., Sun, B., Luo, Q., & Gong, H. (2014). Studying hemispheric lateralization during a Stroop task through near-infrared spectroscopy-based connectivity. Journal of Biomedical Optics, 19(5), 1-7. doi:10.1117/1.JBO.19.5.057012

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

The work that is sent to this journal must be original, not published or sent to be published elsewhere; and if it is accepted for publication, authors will agree to transfer copyright to International Journal of Psychological Research. 

To give up copyright, the authors allow that, International Journal of Psychological Research, distribute the work more broadly, check for the reuse by others and take care of the necessary procedures for the registration and administration of copyright; at the same time, our editorial board represents the interests of the author and allows authors to re-use his work in various forms. In response to the above, authors transfer copyright to the journal, International Journal of Psychological Research. This transfer does not imply other rights which are not those of authorship (for example those that concern about patents). Likewise, preserves the authors rights to use the work integral or partially in lectures, books and courses, as well as make copies for educational purposes. Finally, the authors may use freely the tables and figures in its future work, wherever make explicit reference to the previous publication in International Journal of Psychological Research. The assignment of copyright includes both virtual rights and forms of the article to allow the editorial to disseminate the work in the manner which it deems appropriate. 

The editorial board reserves the right of amendments deemed necessary in the application of the rules of publication.