Body image, perceived stress, and resilience in military amputees of the internal armed conflict in Colombia

Daniela Herrera-Moreno, Diego Carvajal-Ovalle, Angélica Cueva-Nuñez, Camila Acevedo, Fernando Riveros Munévar, Katherin Camacho, Diana Milena Fajardo-Tejada, Mauricio Noel Clavijo-Moreno, Dary Luz Lara-Correa, Stefano Vinaccia Alpi

Abstract


The objective of this study was to determine the levels and the relationship between body image satisfaction, perceived stress and resilience in soldier amputee victims of the internal armed conflict in Colombia. It was a quantitative, cross-sectional study of correlational scope, with the participation of 22 Colombian soldiers who were victims of the internal armed conflict and with some degree of amputation. For each soldier, the Multidimensional Body Self-relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ), Perceived Stress (EEP-14) and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC 10) were applied. The results show high scores in behaviors aimed at maintaining physical fitness, self-assessed physical attractiveness and physical appearance, low scores in stress and scores with high trends in resilience, as well as a negative correlation between stress and conducts aimed to maintain physical fitness.


Keywords


corporal image; stress; resilience; armed conflict; amputation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abeyasinghe, N. L., de Zoysa, P., Bandara, K. M. K. C., Bartholameuz, N. A., & Bandara, J. M. U. J. (2012). The prevalence of symptoms of Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder among soldiers with amputation of a limb or spinal injury: A report from a rehabilitation centre in Sri Lanka. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 17 (3), 376–381.

Becoña, E. (2006). Resiliencia: definición, características y utilidad del concepto. Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica, 11(3), 125–146.

Botella García del Cid, L., Ribas Rabert, E., & Ruiz, J. B. (2009). Evaluación Psicométrica de la Imagen Corporal: Validación de la versión española del Multidimensional Body Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ). Revista Argentina de Clínica Psicológica, 18(3), 253–264.

Campbell-Sills, L., & Stein, M. B. (2007). Psychometric analysis and refinement of the Connor–Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC): validation of a 10-item measure of resilience. Journal of Traumatic Stress: Official Publication of The International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, 20(6), 1019–1028.

Campo, A., Bustos, G., & Romero, A. (2009). Consistencia interna y dimensionalidad de la Escala de Estrés Percibido (EEP-10 y EEP-14) en una muestra de universitarias de Bogotá, Colombia. Aquichan, 9(3), 271–280.

Chávez, A., Macías, L., Gutiérrez, R., Martínez, C., & Ojeda, D. (2004). Trastornos alimentarios en jóvenes guanajuatenses. Acta Universitaria, 14(2), 17–24.

Choate, L. (2005). Toward a theoretical model of women’s body image resilience. Journal of Counseling and Development, 83, 320–330.

Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 385–396.

Cook-Cottone, C., & Phelps, L. (2003). Body dissatisfaction in college women: Identification of risk and protective factors to guide college counseling practices. Journal of College Counseling, 6(1), 80–89.

Corzo, P., & Bohórquez, A. (2009). Prevalencia del trastorno por estrés agudo y trastorno por estrés postraumático en soldados colombianos heridos en combate. Rev Fac Med, 17 (1), 14–19. Dirección para la Acción Integral Contra Minas Antipersonal. (2017). Víctimas de Minas Antipersonal. Retrieved from www.accioncontraminas.gov.co/estadisticas/Paginas/victimas-minas-antipersonal.aspx

Ferguson, A. D., Sperber Richie, B., & Gomez, M. J. (2004). Psychological factors after traumatic amputation in landmine survivors: the bridge between physical healing and full recovery. Disability and Rehabilitation, 26(14-15), 931–938.

Gallego del Castillo, F. (2009). Esquema Corporal e Imagen Corporal. Revista Española de Educación Física(12), 45–63.

Hernández, R., C., Fernández, & Baptista, P. (2014). Metodología de la investigación. Mc Graw Hill.

Horgan, O., & MacLachlan, M. (2004). Psychosocial adjustment to lower-limb amputation: a review. Disability and Rehabilitation, 26(8), 37–50.

López Sánchez, G. F., Suárez, A. D., & Smith, L. (2018). Análisis de imagen corporal y obesidad mediante las siluetas de Stunkard en niños y adolescentes españoles de 3 a 18 años. Anales de Psicología, 34(1), 167–172.

Mckechnie, P., & John, A. (2014). Anxiety and depression following traumatic limb amputation: a systematic review. Injury, 45(12), 1859–1866.

National Institute of Mental Health. (2015). Depression (NIH Publication no. 15-3561) (Bethesda, Ed.). MD: U.S.: Goverment Printing Office.

Ocampo, M., Henao, L., & Vásquez, L. (2010). Amputación de miembro inferior: cambios funcionales, inmovilización y actividad física. Facultad de Rehabilitación y Desarrollo Humano: Editorial Universidad del Rosario.

Pedraza, R. (2015). Resiliencia y combate: Un estudio con soldados colombianos. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales: Universidad de Palermo. Perpiñá, T., & Baños, R. (2007). Distorsión de la imagen corporal: un estudio en adolescentes. Cuadernos de Psicopedagogia, 6(11), 1–13.

Raich, R. (2004). Una perspectiva desde la Psicología de la Salud de la Imagen Corporal. Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana, 22(1), 15–27.

Richardson, G. (2002). The metatheory of resilience and resiliency. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58(3), 307–321.

Riveros, F., Bernal, L., Bohórquez, D., Vinaccia, S., & Quiceno, J. (2017). Análisis psicométrico del Connor-Davidson Scale (CD-RISC10) en población Universitaria Colombiana. Psicología desde el Caribe, 34(3), 169–189.

Rutter, M. (1985). Resilience in the face of adversity: Protective factors and resistance to psychiatric disorder. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 147 (6), 598–611.

Rutter, M. (1993). Resilience: some conceptual considerations. Journal of Adolescent Health, 14(8), 626–631.

Rutter, M. (2006). Implications of resilience concepts for scientific understanding. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1094(1), 1–12.

Rutter, M. (2007). Resilience, competence, and coping. Child Abuse and Neglect, 31, 205–209. Sandín, B. (2008). Estres psicosocial: conceptos y consecuencias clínicas. Madrid: Klinik.

Sandín, B. (2010). Ejercicio físico y salud. Madrid: Klinik.

Sandín, B., & Chorot, P. (2010). Ejercicio físico y salud. In (pp. 101–124). Madrid: Klinik.

Sinha, R., & Van Den Heuvel, W. (2011). A systematic literature review of quality of life in lower limb amputees. Disability and Rehabilitation, 33(11), 883–899.

Sousa, A., Corredeira, R., & Pereira, A. (2009). The body in persons with an amputation. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 26(3), 236–258.

Taub, D., Blinde, E., & Greer, K. (1999). Stigma management through participation in sport and physical activity: Experiences of male college students with physical disabilities. Human Relations, 52(11), 1469–1484.

Tintle, S., Keeling, J., Shawen, S., Forsberg, J., & Potter, B. (2010). Traumatic and Trauma-Related Amputations: Part I General Principles and Lower-Extremity Amputations. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 92(17), 52–68.

Van Dongen, T., Huizinga, P., de Kruijff, L., Van der Krans, A., Hoogendoorn, J., Leenen, L., & Hoencamp, R. (2017). Amputation: Not a failure for severe lower extremity combat injury. Injury, 48(2), 371–377.

Vaquero-Cristóbal, R., Alacid, F., Muyor, J., & López-Miñarro, P. (2013). Body image; literature review. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 28(1), 27–35.

Vinaccia, S., & Quiceno, J. (2012). Calidad de vida relacionada con la salud y enfermedad crónica: estudios colombianos. Psychologia, 6(1), 123–136.

Vinaccia, S., Quiceno, J. M., & San Pedro, E. (2007). Resiliencia en adolescentes. Revista Colombiana de Psicología, 16, 139–146.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21500/20112084.3487

Copyright (c) 2018 International Journal of Psychological Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.