Deshidrogenación catalítica del etilbenceno a estireno
Robert Causado Escobar
Universidad de Cartagena
Rosario Muñoz Martínez
Universidad de Cartagena
Aída Liliana Barbosa López
Universidad de Cartagena
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Palabras clave

deshidrogenación
desactivación catalítica
etilbenceno
estireno
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Resumen

Este trabajo está orientado a mostrar el estado actual de las diversas investigaciones acerca de la reacción de deshidrogenación catalítica del etilbenceno en la producción de estireno, de acuerdo con las formulaciones catalíticas probadas en los últimos veinte años. Para ello se describen aspectos generales del proceso de deshidrogenación –entre los que se destaca el papel de los catalizadores en la reacción y sus aspectos cinéticos–, se analizan sus ventajas y desventajas frente a los agentes que causan la desactivación y se describen los nuevos materiales empleados en el diseño de solidos catalíticos más activos y estables.

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