Tendencia al riesgo y lesión deportiva en fútbol y fútbol sala femenino

Aurelio Olmedilla

Resumen


La relación entre determinados factores psicológicos y la vulnerabilidad que presenta un deportista para sufrir una lesión ha sido estudiada en los últimos años. Uno de los aspectos a considerar es la influencia de las conductas de riesgo del deportista en la probabilidad de sufrir una lesión. El presente estudio pretende estudiar si la tendencia al riesgo es un factor que está relacionado con la lesión deportiva. Por tanto, el objetivo es determinar si existen diferencias en los niveles de tendencia al riesgo entre jugadoras de fútbol y fútbol sala lesionadas y no lesionadas. Para ello, un total de 102 jugadoras de fútbol y fútbol sala femenino, de edades comprendidas entre los 12 y los 37 años y pertenecientes a clubes federados de la Región de Murcia participaron en esta investigación. Para la obtención de los datos, se empleó la versión española del cuestionario DOSPERT (Domain Specific Risk Taking) para adultos (Blais & Weber, 2006). Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio no muestran diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los dos grupos analizados (lesionadas y no lesionadas), aunque parece existir una tendencia a presentar puntuaciones superiores en la variable tendencia al riesgo entre las jugadoras pertenecientes al grupo lesionado.


Palabras clave


lesiones deportivas; gravedad lesión; tendencia al riesgo; fútbol; mujeres jugadoras.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21500/22563202.3846